A tendon is the end part of a muscle that attaches the muscle to the bone. Tendons are strong dense structures , the lack of elasticity of the tendon and the constant pulling on its attachment to the bone with movement, makes it susceptible to a low level of tearing at a microscopic level. This tearing will produce the inflammation and irritation known as tendonitis. Tendonitis is usually seen after excessive repetitive movement with which the tendon gradually becomes tighter until the fibres start to tear. For example, a person who plays tennis may over-use the muscles of the elbow through hitting the ball repetitively and cause tendonitis to the area.
Common Areas of Tendon inflammation
- Elbow — tennis elbow or golfers elbow
- Shoulder— Rotator cuff tendonitis
- Knee—- Patellar tendonitis
- Hip—- Illiotibial band syndrome
- Heel— Achilles tendonitis
Symptoms can vary from an achy pain and stiffness to the local area of the tendon, to a burning that surrounds the whole joint around the inflamed tendon. With this condition, the pain is usually worse during and after activity, and the tendon and joint area can become stiffer the following day.
Tendonitis treatment must begin by avoiding aggravating movements.
- Apply an Ice Pack
- Strengthening and Physical Therapy
- Proper strengthening technique can help you avoid tendonitis by using your muscles in a safe, more efficient manner.
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