The Achilles tendon is the large tendon at the back of the ankle. It connects the large calf muscles (gastronomies and soleus) to the heel bone. It provides the power when the foot pushes off during walking or running.
Achilles tendonitis is now usually referred to as Achilles Tendonopathy this causes inflammation and degeneration of the Achilles tendon.
Pain around the Achilles tendon usually develops gradually
Pain is shooting and sharp in nature
Pain at the onset of exercise which fades as the exercise progresses.
Pain eases with rest.
Tender to the touch
If the problem continues pain becomes more chronic the tendon may become lumpy to the touch
Altered foot biomechanics (usually flat feet)
Increase in activity (either distance, speed or hills).
Less recovery time between activities
Change of footwear or training surface.
Weak calf muscles
The most common cause is over-pronation or flat feet. An orthotics made with a light weight shock absorbing material can be used to control this condition and reduce the stress Healing of the achilles tendon is often slow, due to its poor blood supply.
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